This research program utilized mechanical testing, metallographic etching, microhardness testing, SEM, and X-ray microtomography to reveal the surface and bulk morphology and structure of brackets of different composition and manufacturing process, i.e., laser-welding, metal-injection-molding (MIM) and Ni-, Au- and Ag-brazing.

The ionic release from metals and alloys was studied and the significant biological implications were assessed. The relevant research attempted to qualitatively and quantitatively characterize the release of ions and kinetics from 316L stainless steel, Ti6Al4V, cpTi and NiTi alloys employing inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission spectroscopy.


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